"The Societal Structure of Ant Colonies: A Comparative Analysis”

"The Societal Structure of Ant Colonies: A Comparative Analysis”
The ants ia Enthusiastic social insect,
 that are mostly seen in our daily life. Typically ants' structures are underground. Like all insects, an ant's body is divided into three main parts: the head, the thorax, and the abdomen. 
Ants have a hard, waterproof exoskeleton, which is made of a material called chitin.
                  Ant population is higher to compare with For every human on Earth, there are estimated to be about 2.5 million ants or 20 quadrillion in total, that's a huge amount. But the ants do not affect humans. 
How many ants can carry a man?
         Approximately 18352 ants can carry a man, because the ants carry ten to fifty times bigger than weight, the ants are more powerful in comparison with humans.

Life cycle of ants:
           An ant goes through a complete metamorphosis, which means ants have four stages that are egg, larva, pupa and adult in the course of their life cycle. 
             The white “ant eggs” carried by workers when an ant colony is disturbed or moving are not the eggs but the pupal stage of complete metamorphosis.
        Carpenter ant larvae are small, white, legless and grub like young. In these stages the worker ant is given food to the larva’s and the colour of the larva is white and it doesn't have legs and not move to other places only they eat.
       Ants pupae are white in colour, appear somewhat like adult ants with their legs and antennae folded by the body and covered by a white or brownish cocoon. 
   •Ant adult:
      The adult stage is have three types and                    1.these are
            2.Queen ants 
            3.Male ants
         Queen ants are the largest ants in the colony. They have wings and their purpose is to lay eggs. The queens can live up to 30 years, male ants live up to four to five weeks and their purpose is to mate with queens.Workers (females): Depending on food availability, workers can live from a few months to a year.

How actually ants bite human:
            During an ant bite, the ant will grab your skin with its pinchers and release a chemical called formic acid into your skin. 
            Some people are allergic to formic acid and could experience an allergic reaction from the ant bite. Some ants will sting and inject venom into your skin.

What ants eat?
       The ants are Omniverse, which means they eat plants and animals. Common foods eaten by ants include leaves, fungus, nectar (the liquid that plants and flowers produce), fruits, vegetables, sugar, insects, lizards, amphibians, and insect eggs.
How ants eat?
         They will use their strong mandibles to tear into these other insects along with their saliva to consume them. For carbohydrates, they will often eat and feed larvae a substance called honeydew. 
         The mandibles of ants look like two large claws near their mouth. Ants use these mandibles to carry food and break apart food so it is easier to eat with their mouths. These mandibles help to turn solid food into a liquid, since ants can only eat food when it is a liquid.
Type of ants:
          Over 12,000 species of ants have been identified, however only a small handful are a threat to your home. Getting rid of ants starts by understanding their behaviour and their feeding habits. 
The most common ants are;
      1.Odorous House Ant:
Probably the most common ant found in NOVA homes and buildings is the odorous house ant. These tiny, dark coloured ants are also known as ‘sugar ants’.
      2 . Pavement Ants:
Pavement ants are also pretty tiny. These brownish ants are usually found in cracks and crevices of pavement and blocks.
      3. Carpenter Ants:
The largest and most destructive of the common ants is the carpenter ant. Carpenter ants come in different sizes and styles.    
Social network of ants:
          Ants are considered social insects because they live in organised colonies and form complex societies. They are generally composed of three castes.
         Ant social networks have three main types of individuals or castes. The three types - the queen, workers, and drones all serve a specific purpose within the colony. The queen is the reproductive member of the colony.
How ants are communicate other ants:
         They can tell the other ants things by lightly touching or stroking the receiver in different ways. An ant uses its antenna for most of the communication it does with other ants. elbowed feelers that an ant uses to smell, taste, touch and communicate with other ants. what you call "antenna" when you're talking about more than one ant.

        The ants also like humans. They have some rules and they work together with other ants. They have a social network and probably ants carry their baby larva's and work for the queen ant. Ants are have best working system in their life.

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